Laminate flooring is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. Laminate flooring simulates wood with a photographic applique layer under a clear protective layer. The inner core layer is usually composed of melamine resin and fibre board materials.
Laminate flooring has grown significantly in popularity. It also haves the advantage of costing less to install than alternative flooring materials. It is reasonably durable, hygenic, and relatively easy to maintain.
Laminate floors are reasonably easy for a DIY homeowner to install. Laminate flooring is packaged as a number of tongue and grove planks, which can be clicked into one another. Installed laminate floors typically “float” over the sub-floor on top of a foam/film underlay, which provides moisture- and sound-reducing properties. A small gap is required between the flooring and any immovable object such as walls, this allows the flooring to expand without being obstructed. The existing skirting can be left in place with the flooring butted into it, then small beading trims such as quarter-round can be fitted to the bottoms of the skirting for a neat finish.
Improper installation can result in peaking, in which adjacent boards form a V shape projecting from the floor, or gaps, in which two adjacent boards are separated from each other.
It is important to keep laminate clean, as dust, dirt, and sand particles may scratch the surface over time in high-traffic areas. It is also important to keep laminate relatively dry, since sitting water/moisture can cause the planks to swell, warp, etc. Water spills aren’t a problem if they’re wiped up quickly, and not allowed to sit for a prolonged period of time.
Adhesive felt pads are often placed on the feet of furniture on laminate floors to prevent scratching.